Obesity is not just about how the person looks, it also poses more serious medical issues, any person who is 40% or more over weight is twice as likely to die earlier than a person in the recommended weight zone. Obesity has been linked to several very serious medical conditions including:
- Diseases of the gallbladder especially gallstones.
- Developing high blood pressure.
- Developing some types of cancer.
- Developing breathing problems which can include sleep apnoea; this is a condition where breathing is paused during sleep.
Health experts all agree that the more obese a person is then the more likely they are to suffer health related problems. People who are 20% over the recommended weight can gain significant health benefits from going on a diet and losing weight.
People less than 20% above a healthy weight should do everything they possibly can to try and lose weight especially if any of the conditions below are met:
* There is a family history of certain chronic diseases. People who have had relatives who have had diabetes or heart disease have been found to develop these conditions more if they are over weight or obese.
* Pre existing medical conditions exist. Cholesterol levels that are high, high blood pressure and levels of high blood sugar are all warning signs of obesity related diseases.
* Apple shape. This is when the weight is concentrated around the stomach and these people are more at risk of developing diabetes, heart disease or some forms of cancer.
Even a weight loss of just 10 to 20 pounds can reduce the risks significantly and bring health improvements.
Heart disease and obesity
People who are overweight are twice as likely to suffer from high blood pressure which is a major risk factor for strokes and heart disease, being over weight or obese contributes to a condition called angina, which is pain felt in the chest which is caused by a decrease in oxygen to the heart. Obesity is also linked to sudden death without warning from a stroke.
Diabetes and obesity
Obesity is linked to type 2 diabetes and is a major factor in early death, heart disease and blindness. Over weight or obese people are twice as likely to develop type 2 diabetes as a person of normal weight.
Cancer and obesity
Several types of cancer are associated with obesity more so in women than men, these include breast cancer, cervical cancer and cancer of the uterus.
Gallbladder disease and obesity
Diseases of the gallbladder and gallstones are common in over weight people and those suffering from obesity but it is not entirely clear why.
Sleep apnoea and obesity
Sleep apnoea is a very serious condition which affects breathing in the sleep, it is commonly associated with people who are over weight or obese. Sleep apnoea can cause daytime sleepiness and increases the risk of heart failure.